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Department Faculty

Gary Berntson

My interest is in the elucidation of the functional organization of brain mechanisms underlying behavioral and affective processes, with a special emphasis on autonomic regulation and social neuroscience. The program is guided conceptually by recognition of the importance of multiple levels of analyses and multiple levels of organization in neurobehavioral systems, and the need for multidisciplinary approaches. This is illustrated by current research on anxiety and autonomic control, which ranges from basic animal studies of central neural and neuropharmacological mechanisms, to human research that examines the links between psychological processes and autonomic as well as immune functions. Central to this program of research is an effort to understand, at a theoretical level, the organizational principles that characterize psychobiological relations. Recent collaborative research includes: a) the role of cognitive and social factors in autonomic regulation and immune functions, b) contribution of cortical/cognitive processes to anxiety, and the neural systems that mediate these relations, c) the impact of autonomic states on higher neural systems, d) the integrative organization of neurobehavioral, neuroendocrine, autonomic and immune systems, e) psychoneuroimmunology and the social neuroscience of health and disease, and f) the role of central nervous system structures in evaluative processes.

 


PUBLICATIONS

Books:

Cacioppo, J. T., Tassinary, L. G., & Berntson, G. G. (2007). Handbook of Psychophysiology ( 3rd Edition). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Berntson, G. G. & Cacioppo, J. T. (2009). Handbook of Neuroscience for the Behavioral Sciences. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons

Recent Articles:

2013


Norman, G. J., Hawkley, L., Luhmann, M., Cacioppo, J.T. & Berntson G.G. (2013) Social neuroscience and the modern synthesis of social and biological levels of analysis. In Franks, D. & Turner, J. H. (Eds.), Handbook of Neurosociology. (pp. 67-82). New York: Springer.

Norman, G. J., Hawkley, G.J., Ball, A.B., Berntson, G.G., Cacioppo, J.T. (2013). Perceived social isolation moderates the relationship between early childhood trauma and pulse pressure in older adults: Implications for arterial stiffening. International Journal of Psychophysiology, in press.

2012

Cacioppo, J. T., Berntson, G. G., & J. Decety.  (2012). A history of social neuroscience. In A. W. Kruglanski & W. Stroebe (Eds.). Handbook of the history of social psychology. (pp. 123-136). New York: Psychology Press.

Norman, G. J.,  Cacioppo, J. T., & Berntson, G. G. (2012). Multilevel analysis and psychophysiological measurement. In V. S. Ramachandran (Editor-in-Chief) Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, 2nd Ed. New York: Elsevier.

Berntson, G. G., & Cacioppo, J. T.(2012). Reductionism. In L. L’Abate (Ed.) Paradigms in theory construction, (pp 365-374). New York: Springer.

Norman, G. J., Hawkley, L. C.,  Cole, S. W., Berntson, G. G., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2012). Social Neuroscience: The social brain, oxytocin and health. Social Neuroscience, 7, 18-29.

Berntson, G. G., Norman, G. J., Hawkley, L. C., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2012). Evolution of neuroarchitecture, multilevel analyses and calibrative reductionism. Interface Focus, 2, 65-73.

Norman, G. J., Hawkley, L., Luhmann, M.,  Ball, A. B., Cole, S. W.,  Berntson, G. G., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2012). Variation in the oxytocin receptor gene influences neurocardiac reactivity to social stress and HPA function: A population based study. Hormones and Behavior, 61, 134-139.

Norman, G., Karelina, K., Zhang, N., Morris, J., Berntson, G. & DeVries, C (2012). Heart rate variability predicts cell death and inflammatory responses to global cerebral ischemia. Frontiers in Physiology, 3, 131:1-6.

Decety, J., Norman, G., Berntson, G.G. & Cacioppo, J.T. (2012). A Neurobehavioral Evolutionary Perspective on the Mechanisms Underlying Empathy. Progress in Neurobiology, 98, 38–48.

Cacioppo, J.T & Berntson, G. G. (2012). Is Consciousness Epiphenomenal? Euresis, 3, 31-50.

Cloutier, J., Norman, G. & Berntson, G. G. (2012). Person Perception and Autonomic Nervous System Response: The Costs and Benefits of Possessing a High Social Status. Biological Psychology, 92, 301-305.

2011

Norman, G. J.  Cacioppo, J. T., Morris, J.S., Malarkey, W. B., Berntson, G. G., & DeVries, A. C. (2011). Oxytocin increases autonomic cardiac control: Moderation by loneliness. Biological Psychology, 86, 174-180.

Berntson, G. G. (2011). Psychosomatic relations: From superstition to mortality. In The Chicago Social Brain Network (Eds.) Invisible forces and powerful beliefs. (pp 61-70). Upper Saddle River, NJ: FT Press Science.

Cacioppo, J. T. Berntson, G. G., Bechara, A., Tranel, D., & Hawkley, L. C. (2011). Could an aging brain contribute to subjective well being: The value added by a social neuroscience perspective. In A. Todorov, S. T. Fiske, & D. Prentice (Eds), Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind. (pp.249-262). New York: Oxford University Press.

Norman, G. J., DeVries, A. C., Cacioppo, J. T. & Berntson, G. B. (2011).  Multilevel analysis of stress. In R. J. Contrada & A. Baum (eds.) Handbook of Stress Science:  Psychology, Biology, and Health. (pp. 619-634). New York: Springer.

Berntson, G.G., Bechara, A., Damasio, H., Tranel, D., Norman, G. J. & Cacioppo, J. T. (2011). The insula and evaluative processes. Psychological Science, 22, 80-86.

Hawkley, L. C., Lavelle, L. A., Berntson, G. G., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2011). Mediators of the relationship between socioeconomic status and allostatic load in the Chicago Health, Aging, and Social Relations Study (CHASRS). Psychophysiology, 48, 1134-1145.

Norman, G. J., Norris, C. J., Gollan, J., Ito, T. A., Hawkley, L.C., Larsen, J.T., Cacioppo, J. T., & Berntson, G. G. (2011).  The neurobiology of Evaluative bivalence. Emotion Review. 3,  349-359.

Norman, G. J., Cacioppo, J. T., Morris, J. S., Karelina, K. Malarkey, W. B., DeVries, A. C. & Berntson, G. G. (2011).  Selective influences of oxytocin on the evaluative processing of social stimuli. Journal of Psychopharmacology. 25, 1313-1319.

Norman, G. J., Cacioppo, J.T., Berntson, G.G. (2011). Social neuroscience of motivation and health. In J. Decety & J. T. Cacioppo (Eds.), The Handbook of Social Neuroscience. New York: Oxford University Press.

Cacioppo, J. T., Hawkley, L. C., Norman, G. J., & Berntson, G. G. (2011). Social Isolation. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1231, 17-22.

Norman, G. J., Cacioppo, J. T., & Berntson, G. G. (2011). Neural basis of motivation. J. Decety & J.T. Cacioppo (Eds). The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience. (pp. 164-177). New York: Oxford University Press.

Cacioppo, J. T., Berntson, G. G., Norris, C. J., & Gollan, J. K. (2011). The evaluative space model. In P. Van Lange, A. W. Kruglanski & E. T. Higgins (eds.) Handbook of theories of social psychology. (Vol. 1, pp. 50-72). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Press.

Norman, G.J., Deries, C., Hawkley, L., Cacioppo, J.T., & Berntson, G.G. (2011)  Social influences on cardiovascular processes: A focus on health. In R. Wright & G.H.E. Gendolla (Eds.). How motivation affects cardiovascular response: Mechanisms and applications. (pp. 307-326). Washington, DC: APA Press.

Cacioppo, J. T., & Berntson, G. G. (2011). The brain, homeostasis, and health: Balancing demands of the internal and external milieu. In H. S. Friedman (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Health Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Norman, G. J., Cacioppo, J. T., & Berntson, G. G. (2011). Social neuroscience of evaluative motivation. (pp. 164-177). The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience. New York: Oxford University Press.

Other Selected Publications:

Weil, Z. M., Norman, G. J., DeVries, A. C., Berntson, G. G. & Nelson, R. J. (2009). Photoperiod alters autonomic regulation of the heart. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106, 4525-4530.

Berntson, G. G., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2008). The neuroevolution of motivation. In Shah, J. Y. & Gardner, W. L. (Eds.). Handbook of motivation science. (pp 188-200). New York: Guilford Press.


Cacioppo, J. T., Berntson, G. G. & Nusbaum, H. C. (2008). Neuroimaging as a new tool in the toolbox of psychological science. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17, 62-67.

Berntson, G. G., Norman, G., Hawkley, L., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2008). Spirituality and autonomic cardiovascular control. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 35, 198-208.

Knox, D., Brothers, H., Norman, G., & Berntson, G. G. (2008). Nucleus basalis magnocellularis and substantia innominata corticopetal cholinergic lesions attenuate freezing induced by predator odor. Behavioral Neuroscience, 122, 601-610.

Berntson, G. G., Norman, G. J., Hawkley, L. C. & Cacioppo, J. T. (2008). Cardiac Autonomic Balance vs. Cardiac Regulatory Capacity. Psychophysiology, 45, 643-652.

Knox, D. & Berntson, G. G. (2008). Cortical modulation by nucleus basalis magnocellularis corticopetal cholinergic neurons during anxiety-like states are reflected by decreases in delta. Brain Research, 1227, 142-152.

Berntson, G. G., Cacioppo, J. T., & Grossman, P. (2007). Whither vagal control. Biological Psychology, 74, 295-300.

Lozano, D., Norman, G., Knox, D., Wood, B. L., Miller, B. D., Emery, C. L., & Berntson, G. G. (2007). Where to B in dZ/dt. Psychophysiology, 44, 113-119.

Berntson, G.G., Bechara, A., Damasio, H., Tranel, D., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2007). Amygdala contributions to selective dimensions of emotion. Social, Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 2, 123-129.

Knox, D. & Berntson, G. G. (2006). Effect of nucleus basalis magnocellularis cholinergic lesions on fear-like and anxiety-like behavior. Behavioral Neuroscience, 120, 307-312.


Mandrekar, S. J., Nagaraja, H. N., & Berntson, G. G. (2005). Statistical modeling of the differences between successive R-R intervals. Statistics in Medicine, 24, 437-451.

Berntson, G. G., Lozano, D. L., & Chen, Y-J. (2005). Filter properties of the root mean square successive difference (RMSSD) statistic in heart rate. Psychophysiology, 42, 246-252.

Bosch, J. A., Berntson, G. G., Cacioppo, J. T., & Marucha, P.T. (2005). Differential mobilization of functionally distinct Natural Killer subsets during acute psychological stress. Psychosomatic Medicine, 67, 366-375.

Berntson, G. G., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2004) Multilevel analyses and reductionism: Why social psychologists should care about neuroscience and vice versa. In Cacioppo, J. T. & Berntson, G. G. (eds) Essays in social neuroscience. (pp. 107-120) Cambrdige, MA: MIT Press.

Knox, D., Sarter, M., & Berntson, G. G. (2004). Visceral afferent bias on cortical processing: Role of adrenergic afferents to the basal forebrain cholinergic system. Behavioral Neuroscience, 118, 1455-1459.

Berntson, G. G., Lozano, D. L., Chen, Y-J, & Cacioppo, J. T. (2004). Where to Q in PEP: Reliability and Validity. Psychophysiology, 41, 333-337.

Cacioppo, J. T., Semin, G. R., & Berntson, G. G. (2004). Realism, instrumentalism, and scientific symbiosis: Psychological theory as a search for truth and the discovery of solutions. American Psychologist, 59, 214-223.

Berntson, G. G., Shafi, R., Knox, D. & Sarter, M. (2003). Blockade of epinephrine priming of the cerebral auditory evoked response by cortical cholinergic deafferentation. Neuroscience, 116, 179-186.

Bosch, J. A., Berntson, G. G., Cacioppo, J. T., Dhabhar, F. S., & Marucha, P. T. (2003). Acute stress evokes a selective mobilization of T cells that differ in chemokine receptor expression: A potential pathway linking immunologic reactivity to cardiovascular disease. Brain, Behavior & Immunity, 17, 251-259.

Cacioppo, J. T, Hawkley, L. C., & Berntson, G. G. (2003). The Anatomy of Loneliness. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 12, 71-74.

Cacioppo, J. T. Berntson, G. G., Lorig, T. S., Norris, C. J., Ricket, E., & Nusbaum, H. (2003). Just because you are imaging the brain doesn't mean you can stop using your head: A primer and first set of principles. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 650-661.

Berntson, G. G., Sarter, M. & Cacioppo, J. T. (2003). Ascending visceral regulation of cortical affective information processing. European Journal of Neuroscience, 18, 103-2109.

Cacioppo, J. T., Hawkley, L. C., Crawford, L. E., Ernst, J. M., Burleson, M. H., Kowalski, R. B., Malarkey, W. B., VanCauter, E., & Berntson, G. G. (2002). Loneliness and health: Potential mechanisms. Psychosomatic Medicine, 64, 407-417.

Cacioppo, J. T., Hawkley, L. C., Berntson, G. G., Ernst, J. M., Gibbs, A. C., Stickold, R. & Hobson, J. A. (2002). Do lonely days invade the nights?: The possible social modulation of sleep efficiency. Psychological Science, 13, 384-387.

Berntson, G. G., Shafi, R., & Sarter, M. (2002). Specific contributions of the basal forebrain corticopetal cholinergic system to electroencephalographic activity and sleep/waking behavior. European Journal of Neuroscience, 16, 2453-2461.

Sarter, M., Bruno, J. P., Berntson, G. G. (2001). Psychotogenic properties of benzodiazepine receptor inverse agonists. Psychopharmacology, 156, 1-13.

Berntson, G. G., Cacioppo, J. T. (2000). Psychobiology and social psychology: Past, present and future. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 4, 3-15.

Cacioppo, J. T., Ernst, J. M., Burleson, M. H., McClintock, M. K., Malarkey, W. B., Hawkley, L. C., Kowalewski, R. B., Paulsen, A., Hobson, J. A., Hugdahl, K.,
Spiegel, D., Berntson, G. G. (2000). Lonely traits and concomitant physiological processes: the MacArthur social neuroscience studies. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 35, 143-154.

Stowell, J. R., Berntson, G. G., Sarter, M. (2000). Attenuation of the bidirectional effects of chlordiazepoxide and FG 7142 on conditioned response suppression and associated cardiovascular reactivity by loss of cortical cholinergic inputs. Psychopharmacology, 150, 141-149.

Cacioppo, J. T., Burleson, M. H., Poehlmann, K. M., Malarkey, W. B., Kiecolt-Glaser, J. K., Berntson, G. G., Uchino, B., Glaser, R. (2000). Autonomic and neuroendocrine responses to mild psychological stressors: effects of chronic stress on older women. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 22, 140-148.

Cacioppo, J. T., Berntson, G. G., Sheridan, J. F., McClintock, M. K. (2000). Multi-level integrative analyses of human behavior: The complementing nature of social and biological approaches. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 829-843.

Ernst, J. M., Litvack, D. A., Lozano, D. L., Cacioppo, J. T., Berntson, G.G. (1999). Impedance pneumography: Noise as signal in impedance cardiography. Psychophysiology, 36, 333-338.

Cacioppo, J. T., Berntson, G. G. (1999). The affect system: Architecture and operating characteristics.Current Directions in Psychological Science. 8, 133-137.

Hart, S., Sarter, M., Berntson, G.G. (1999). Cholinergic inputs to the medial prefrontal cortex mediate potentiation of the cardiovascular defensive response by the anxiogenic benzodiazepine receptor partial inverse agonist FG 7142. Neuroscience, 94, 1029-1038.

Hart, S., Sarter, M., Berntson, G. G. (1998). Cardiovascular and somatic startle and defense: Concordant and discordant actions of benzodiazepine receptor agonists and inverse agonists. Behavioural Brain Research, 90, 175-186.

Padgett, D. A., Sheridan, J. F., Dorne, J., Berntson, G. G., Candelora, J., Glaser, R. (1998). Social stress and the reactivation of latent herpes simplex virus-type 1. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 95, 7231-7235.

Cacioppo, J. T., Berntson, G. G., Malarkey, W. B., Kiecolt-Glaser, J. K., Sheridan, J. F., Poehlmann, K. M., Burleson, M. H., Ernst, J. M., Hawkley, L. C., Glaser, R. (1998). Autonomic, neuroendocrine, and immune responses to psychological stress: The reactivity hypothesis. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 840, 664-673.

Burleson, M. H., Malarkey, W. B., Cacioppo, J. T., Poehlmann, K. M., Kiecolt-Glaser, J. K., Berntson, G. G. Glaser, R. (1998). Postmenopausal hormone replacement: Effects on autonomic, neuroendocrine, and immune reactivity to brief psychological stressors. Psychosomatic Medicine, 60, 17-25.

Berntson, G. G., Sarter, M., Cacioppo, J. T. (1998). Anxiety and cardiovascular reactivity: The basal forebrain cholinergic link. Behavioural Brain Research, 94, 225-248.

Berntson, G. G., Bigger, J. T., Eckberg, D. L., Grossman, P., Kaufmann, P. G., Malik, M., Nagaraja, H. N., Porges, S. W., Saul, J. P., Stone, P. H., van der Molen, M. W. (1997). Heart rate variability: Origins, methods, and interpretive caveats. Psychophysiology, 34, 623-648.






Address

053 Psychology Building
1835 Neil Avenue Mall
Columbus, OH 43210
(614) 292-1749
berntson.2@osu.edu